The back hurts what needs to be done first

Of all the diseases of the human body, back diseases are the most common and the most painful (especially in neglected forms).Both the first and second encourage us to know exactly what can cause back pain and how to eliminate or at least reduce pain syndrome.

In the following article, we analyze these issues in as much detail as possible, beginning with the usual methods of pain relief, regardless of the cause of their occurrence. We then focus on specific diseases along with symptomatic treatment methods that are appropriate for each case. It also focuses on the facts and risk groups for back pain.

What to do if your back hurts

Modern medicine has developed a number of treatment methods in depth, the application of which often goes beyond the treatment of just one disease. These methods are:

  • Medicines;
  • Fixation therapy devices (belts, collars, etc. );
  • Reflexology;
  • Physiotherapy;
  • gym therapy;
  • Surgery.
Treatment methods

In general, in order to eliminate pain and effectively treat the cause, a complex application of the above tools is required, where the practical ratio of some methods to others is determined by a particular pathology.

scoliosis

Reference: This disease is characterized by the lateral displacement of the vertebrae and the exceeding of the normal limits of the spine. To compensate for such destructive cornering, muscles adjacent to the displacement site are overloaded.

The latter leads to acute pain syndrome, which can be alleviated by the following methods:

  1. Analgesic.There are plenty of proven over-the-counter products on the pharmaceutical market that can effectively treat pain. Sprays, capsules, ointments, tablets, regardless of the form of release, all work according to the usual principle (if we are not talking about steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs). The medicine blocks certain chemicals called prostaglandins, which are responsible for pain. These medicines include:
    1. ibuprofen;
    2. Naproxen;
    3. acetylsalicylic acid;
    4. Paracetamol;
    As mentioned above, all of them can be purchased completely freely - in any pharmacy, in any geographical point of Russia. However, it is important to understand that the use of any drug carries certain risks if it exceeds the recommended dose or does not take into account individual intolerance.
  2. Analgesics
  3. The second way to relieve pain in scoliosis is an effective drug to reduce muscle cramps - a warm compress.Its mechanism of action is to relax muscles, increase their mobility and dilate adjacent blood vessels.

    Help: Usually a towel-wrapped warming pad is placed in place of the pain for 20-30 minutes, up to 2-3 times a day.

  4. In addition to heat, the opposite force of cold can also be used to relieve pain.Ice, cold heating pads, etc. it also effectively relieves inflammation and swelling. Apply a cold compress per knock for up to 20 minutes.

Trapped nerve

The spinal column is the point, or rather the line, of the intersection of a huge number of neural pathways from the spinal cord to all limbs of the human body.Often, destructive pathologies or physical damage can lead to nerve compression, causing a severe pain attack. In this case, a doctor should be consulted urgently as surgery may be required.

To tolerate the first signs of a pinched nerve, you can:

  1. Take painkillers that are similar to the previous pharmacological list above.
  2. Minimizes movement;
  3. Strictly adhere to bed rest.

After removing acute pain syndrome, other therapeutic and prophylactic tools are used - physiotherapy exercises, massage, traditional medicine, etc.

Pinched nerve

Osteochondrosis

Reference: This disease is described by the breakdown of polysaccharides and proteins in the body that are responsible for the strength of connective tissues. As it decreases, deformation of the intervertebral plates develops.

Osteochondrosis is usually associated with persistent or paroxysmal pain, which is rarely acute.

Pain syndrome occurs according to the localization of the disease (lower back, chest and cervical spine).Depending on the type of pain, there are effective treatments to relieve pain:

  1. Exercise, massage and medication are used for neck pain;
  2. For lumbar pain - statistical and dynamic exercises, a set of infectious drugs;
  3. Medication, massage, and physiotherapy are also used for eye pain;
  4. For heart and chest pain - therapeutic blockade, anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs, bed rest;

Important: The methods of the same physiotherapy exercises are different for each type of osteochondrosis, which means consulting a professional before performing certain exercises. The same goes for medications, massage, physiotherapy, and all other therapeutic and prophylactic devices.

Herniated disc

When this disease occurs, the main accompanying symptom is acute pain syndrome, the removal of which is often vital for the patient.The dystrophic processes in the body cause a strong displacement of the vertebral disc and the formation of an intervertebral hernia, which in turn is accompanied by unbearable pain attacks.Disc herniationThe latter can in some cases lead to the most unpleasant consequences in itself, up to a painful shock.

Effective treatment for disc herniation pain includes:

  1. Use of medications;
  2. Physiotherapy;
  3. gym therapy;

So the medical method consists of taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, muscle tension-relieving drugs (muscle relaxants), chondroprotectors, and corticosteroid analgesics.

Forms of release can vary widely - from intravenous injections to ointments and patches.

Physiotherapy is usually limited to the following procedures:

  1. Electrophoresis;
  2. Shockwave therapy;
  3. Electric shock;
  4. Ultrasound;
  5. Bee venom;
  6. Hirudotherapy.

Movement therapy consists of regular exercises prescribed by the attending physician, depending on the characteristics of each patient. These can be activities in the pool, cycling, walking, etc.

Disk protrusion

Reference: This disease is often considered the initial form of the previous disease. Thus, the protrusion is called the pathology of the intervertebral disc when its contents protrude 5 mm beyond the spinal column.

Pain syndrome is less intense in this case than in hernia. Nevertheless, it reaches the threshold when it becomes necessary to remove it.

Methods similar to the previous list are used to successfully overcome the protruding pain on the disc.

Sciatica

This word indicates abnormal inflammation and compression of the sciatic nerve. Such neuralgia is associated with acute pain syndrome, which can be alleviated by the following methods:

Sciatica
  1. Use of narcotic analgesics: morphine hydrochloride, flupirtine maleate, tramadol hydrochloride, etc. );
  2. ointment (diclofenac, nimesulide, diclofenac sodium, ketoprofen);
  3. Physiotherapy (electrophoresis, shock wave therapy, electric shock, etc. );
  4. Physiotherapy exercises;
  5. Breathing exercises;
  6. Cold compression.

In sciatica, pain syndrome is most commonly localized in the lumbar region and lower extremities, which is a major factor in the choice of a particular method.

Arthritis

This is an inflammatory condition that causes pain, swelling and stiffness in the joints. You can use the following to combat the pain syndrome associated with arthritis:

  1. Exercise therapy (stretching, kneading, cycling, walking);
  2. Hot paraffin bath;
  3. Hot shower or bath;
  4. using a walking stick while walking;
  5. Weight Loss;
  6. Physiotherapy methods;
  7. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

In this disease, the joint leaves the joint capsule, resulting in inflammation.Appropriate treatment in a short period of time (at least five therapeutic and prophylactic procedures) will alleviate the pain syndrome and avoid the transition of the pathology to chronic form.

Spine cancer

Oncological diseases are sooner or later accompanied by seizures of pain, which can be both one-off and permanent.

There are often three stages in the fight against cancer pain.

  1. Mild pain - non-opioid analgesics (meloxicam, ibuprofen, diclofenac sodium, etc. )
  2. Light opioids (tramadol hydrochloride) for confirmation.
  3. Severe pain - adjuvant therapy and narcotic analgesia (morphine hydrochloride trihydrate).
Spinal cancer

Important: each of the above groups correlates with a certain stage in the development of the disease and accordingly depends on the effectiveness of the main treatment.

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a chronic systemic disease of human bone tissue in which their microarchitectonics, density, and metabolic processes are disrupted.

As a general rule, pain syndrome in osteoporosis occurs only when the loaded motor system is under significant load (weight lifting, prolonged discomfort or lying down, etc. ). The usual localization of pain is in the lower back, ankle and hip joints.

Painkillers include:

  1. Diclofenac (both as an ointment and as an injection);
  2. ketoprofen;
  3. Lornoxicam;

Exercise therapy, physiotherapy (shock wave therapy, electric shock, etc. ) and wearing correction equipment (corset) are also used

Back Radiation Diseases Of The Internal Organs

Such pain can occur for a variety of reasons, from coughing to sexually transmitted diseases. Most commonly, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are used to relieve this type of pain.

This completes the list of painkillers that are a symptom of a particular back disease. But unfortunately, it’s not just diseases that cause pain. The latter can be the result of things like back wen, muscle strain, muscle damage, improper mattress, weight lifting. Let us examine these cases separately.

Back fat

Help: A benign tumor called lipoma that occurs due to the proliferation of adipose tissue cells. Lipoma can appear anywhere on the human body, including the back.

The tumor is often completely painless and has no side effects. Nevertheless, it sometimes enters an inflammatory state accompanied by acute pain syndrome, which can be removed by getting rid of the goat itself:

  1. Medication (used when the lipoma is no more than one centimeter). A special medicine is injected with a thin needle that absorbs adipose tissue.
  2. Surgical treatment (complete removal of the neoplasm).

For weight lifting

Low back pain

Often, after severe physical exertion on the musculoskeletal system, especially the spine, a person begins to feel pain. The latter has different intensities and localizations depending on the location and type of lesion.

In this case, you should see a doctor to find out the exact cause of the pain. Ointments, tablets and patches containing non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (e. g. meloxicam, ibuprofen, diclofenac) are quite suitable for reducing the latter.

Waist Back

An alternative principle for the division of pain syndrome may be the localization of its appearance, one of which may be the lower back. The relief of pain in this case depends on the specific cause of its occurrence.

Muscle tension

Acute back pain can be a symptom of stretching the back muscles or stretching the lower back during active exercise. In this case, the following applies to the fight against pain syndrome:

  1. Massage;
  2. Complete rest;
  3. gym therapy;
  4. Medications.

The use of special support corsets, bandages and belts is recommended to prevent recurrence of stretching.

Tape damage

This reason is quite similar to the previous one. It differs only in the greater intensity of pain experienced. Therefore, if the back ligaments are damaged, the method of removing it is similar to the previous list.

Quick pain relief

In order to rapidly relieve acute pain, preference should be given to medicines administered by injection (ibuprofen, diclofenac injections, etc. ) with compression and bed rest.

Pain caused by an improperly fitted mattress.

Fast pain relief

Important: Experts usually recommend that you do not sleep on too soft or too hard surfaces. These mattresses do not maintain the correct position of the spine during sleep and can injure your back.

In case of back pain, the first logical step is to consult a neurologist. The second is to pay close attention to your mattress.

The following characteristics should be considered when assessing the quality of a mattress:

  1. Type of construction (springless, springless);
  2. Material;
  3. Durability;
  4. Size.

The choice of mattress depends not only on your comfort, but also on the advice of a personal doctor who is familiar with the characteristics of your back.

So the causes of back pain are not limited to one or two diseases, but have much broader conditions.

However, in the issue of back pain, certain risk groups and the same certain factors of its occurrence can be distinguished.

Risk groups:

  1. Age (average age 55 years for men, 60 years for women);
  2. Gender of the patient (statistics show that men suffer more from back pain).

Risk factors:

  1. Constant lifting of weights;
  2. Strength procedures;
  3. Constant back and / or tendency;
  4. Fatigue;
  5. Overload;
  6. Lack of physical work culture;
  7. Ignoring health;
  8. Introduce a destructive lifestyle.

Conclusion

In the above article, we have tried to cover the phenomenon of back pain as widely as possible, its causes and the causes through which it can be effectively treated. We hope you found the information useful. In any case, the most important thing is the attentive attitude shown throughout and in the health of your loved ones.

06.12.2020