Osteochondrosis is a disease in which the structure of the intervertebral joints and plates is disturbed as a result of degenerative processes, leading to compression of the spinal root.Inflammatory processes lead to severe pain, and long-term illness can impair the functioning of internal organs.Metabolic disorders in the intervertebral discs are very painful, so it is very important to know everything about osteochondrosis: what it is and also how to treat spinal osteochondrosis.
To understand the essence of treating spinal diseases, you need to know what osteochondrosis is. The focus of the disease is a violation of the trophism of the vertebrae, the intervertebral discs.Intervertebral osteochondrosis leads to changes in the structure of all tissues, parts of the spine. Loss of elasticity, shape, and consistency of the disc, which causes a decrease in the distance between adjacent vertebrae. Instability leads to compression of the nerve roots due to narrowing of the holes through which they exit, the muscles of the back become tense, and pain occurs. This is how osteochondrosis appears.
There are signs of complications of progressive osteochondrosis in the form of protrusion and vertebral hernia. In the future, intervertebral osteochondrosis will lead to degenerative changes in the small joints of the spine, the intervertebral ligaments. Due to bone growth, the elasticity of the column is lost, subluxations and curvatures appear. In general, such processes are characteristic of the physiological aging of the body, but the disease also affects young people. Therefore, the question of what to do with osteochondrosis concerns almost every segment of the population. To do this, you need to find the causes of the disease.
Several factors lead to the development of osteochondrosis. The formation of the vascular bed begins in the intervertebral discs and is nourished according to the principle of diffusion.This factor prevents the disc from regenerating in the event of excessive stress and injury. A person often complains of a sore back. The causes of osteochondrosis are directly related to people’s improper lifestyle.
The main causes of osteochondrosis are disproportionate distribution of spinal load, too weak muscle ligament. People over the age of thirty are at greatest risk, especially if their work involves a longer session. In order to learn how to get rid of osteochondrosis, you need to understand the path of its development, which stages of spinal cord damage during the disease.
What causes osteochondrosis?Due to the effects of the above negative factors, the disease begins to progress through several stages of development.This is:
The most commonly used classification is based on the relevant sections.
Signs of osteochondrosis depend on the location of the pathological process. An interesting question is how osteochondrosis manifests itself.The pain can be mild to severe and distressing, even unbearable.Symptoms and treatment are closely related. First aid is to learn how and how to treat back osteochondrosis. The main signs of the disease according to its localization are:
Once the symptoms of osteochondrosis have been identified, treatment is prescribed according to the diagnosis. After the patient is examined and questioned, the treating neurologist will communicate the preliminary diagnosis. In addition, instrumental diagnostic methods are used: CT computed tomography, MRI - magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound Doppler, X - ray, myelography. A thorough examination will help identify the accompanying complications of vertebral osteochondrosis: hernia, sciatica, protrusion, kyphosis.
Can osteochondrosis be cured?Treating osteochondrosis of the spine is a long, step-by-step process. The duration of the course depends on the age of the patient, the severity of osteochondrosis of the spine, the treatment, and whether the patient meets all the recommendations of the physician.Before treating the disease, you should get acquainted with the main directions of therapy, learn the methods of treating osteochondrosis:
As mentioned, the doctor must decide whether to cure osteochondrosis of the spine. Depending on the severity of the disease, treatment is conservative or operative. In particularly severe, neglected cases of the disease, surgery is decided. Basically, a complex treatment of osteochondrosis is used. Medicines and medical technologies from different industries are used together.
In the initial stage, effective treatment of osteochondrosis is aimed at relieving pain. The patient wears special corsets to relieve spinal stress. They provide medical treatment and physiotherapy. The next step is to take measures to prevent exacerbation of vertebral osteochondrosis. The most effective methods are used - physiotherapy exercises, massage, reflexology.
Medications are designed to eliminate pain, inflammation, activate cartilage tissue regeneration, and improve blood circulation in the affected tissues.The main groups of medicines for treatment are:
There are other medications that help the healing process:
Physiotherapy methods allow the activation of healing processes, prolong the remission phase and prevent the appearance of new exacerbations.The best physiotherapy methods are:
Hand therapy, magnetic therapy, spinal cord, laser therapy, heat therapy, mud therapy, shock wave therapy, healing showers and baths are also used to treat osteochondrosis of the spine.All of these methods significantly reduce the rate of disease progression. The duration of a course may not exceed fifteen days. They do three or four repetitions of the course each year. An integrated approach to therapy will help get rid of the exacerbations of osteochondrosis forever.
I have to say that the question is often asked whether osteochondrosis is treated with folk remedies. No, but with the main treatment to help alleviate the condition, the methods should be agreed with your doctor. It is possible to treat back disturbances with infusions and rubs. To do this, mix a glass of honey and a glass and a half of radish juice. Add a hundred grams of vodka. After mixing, the product should be rubbed well into the diseased area of the spine twice a day.
Another infusion is recommended. So 500 grams of vodka is poured into a glass of organ flowers. Stick in a tightly closed container for ten days. The filtered drug infusion is rubbed into the affected area.
A proper diet should consist of enough protein, fat and vitamins.It is advisable to exclude fast-digesting carbohydrates from your diet. Foods should have a caloric content of between 1, 500 and 2, 500 kcal. As the disease worsens, the diet should become fragmented. You should eat this way even after your spine has improved.
When you first encounter osteochondrosis, the question shouldn’t arise. The first step is to see a doctor who knows everything you need to know about osteochondrosis. Treatment is a rather laborious and long process, accompanied by human pain and inactivity. Is osteochondrosis curable - this question remains open due to the effects of many factors. After relieving the acute symptoms, you should continue to take care of your spine. The fight against the disease must be constant. A person who overcomes his bad habits in return acquires a healthy and strong spine.