Methods for treating osteochondrosis

Osteochondrosis is a disease in which the structure of the intervertebral joints and plates is disturbed as a result of degenerative processes, leading to compression of the spinal root.Inflammatory processes lead to severe pain, and long-term illness can impair the functioning of internal organs.how to treat spinal osteochondrosisMetabolic disorders in the intervertebral discs are very painful, so it is very important to know everything about osteochondrosis: what it is and also how to treat spinal osteochondrosis.

The essence of osteochondrosis

To understand the essence of treating spinal diseases, you need to know what osteochondrosis is. The focus of the disease is a violation of the trophism of the vertebrae, the intervertebral discs.Intervertebral osteochondrosis leads to changes in the structure of all tissues, parts of the spine. Loss of elasticity, shape, and consistency of the disc, which causes a decrease in the distance between adjacent vertebrae. Instability leads to compression of the nerve roots due to narrowing of the holes through which they exit, the muscles of the back become tense, and pain occurs. This is how osteochondrosis appears.

There are signs of complications of progressive osteochondrosis in the form of protrusion and vertebral hernia. In the future, intervertebral osteochondrosis will lead to degenerative changes in the small joints of the spine, the intervertebral ligaments. Due to bone growth, the elasticity of the column is lost, subluxations and curvatures appear. In general, such processes are characteristic of the physiological aging of the body, but the disease also affects young people. Therefore, the question of what to do with osteochondrosis concerns almost every segment of the population. To do this, you need to find the causes of the disease.

Causes

Several factors lead to the development of osteochondrosis. The formation of the vascular bed begins in the intervertebral discs and is nourished according to the principle of diffusion.This factor prevents the disc from regenerating in the event of excessive stress and injury. A person often complains of a sore back. The causes of osteochondrosis are directly related to people’s improper lifestyle.

  1. Poor or inadequate nutrition. They do not receive nutrients, the intervertebral discs begin to thin and deform.
  2. An important cause of osteochondrosis is a lack of adequate physical activity, high body weight, metabolic disorders.
  3. Musculoskeletal disorders, deteriorating posture, flat legs.
  4. Damage is a very common cause of osteochondrosis. Spinal microtrauma due to blows, falls, irregular, sudden movements, too much stress. Macrotrauma due to fractures, severe bruises.
  5. Infectious diseases, poisoning.
  6. Stress and smoking, provocative vasospasm
  7. Inheritance influences the development of the disease.
  8. Climatic factor in the form of cold and humidity.
The main causes of osteochondrosis

The main causes of osteochondrosis are disproportionate distribution of spinal load, too weak muscle ligament. People over the age of thirty are at greatest risk, especially if their work involves a longer session. In order to learn how to get rid of osteochondrosis, you need to understand the path of its development, which stages of spinal cord damage during the disease.

Development of disease

What causes osteochondrosis?Due to the effects of the above negative factors, the disease begins to progress through several stages of development.This is:

  1. In the first stage, intervertebral osteochondrosis begins due to dehydration of the nucleus pulposus of the intervertebral plates. Its shape changes, it becomes flatter. The distance between the vertebrae decreases, cracks gradually appear on the cartilage.
  2. In the second stage, abnormal mobility of the vertebral bodies can be observed, they can move and slide down. The ligament and muscular device sags due to small gaps between the discs due to motor instability.
  3. The third stage is characterized by vertebral subluxation, arthrosis, extrusion of intervertebral discs.
  4. Degenerative recovery of the spine begins. Snail spines, osteophytes are formed between the vertebrae. The body thus adapts to the unnatural state of the spine. The number of bone growths gradually increases and the vertebrae are almost completely immobilized. At this stage, surgery may be required to treat osteochondrosis.

classification

The most commonly used classification is based on the relevant sections.

  1. lumbar region. The most common version of the disease. The posterior part shown bears the main load, resulting in intervertebral hernia.
  2. Signs of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine are due to poor development of the neck muscles. Even a small load can lead to deformity of the vertebrae.
  3. Signs of chest osteochondrosis do not occur as often as the previous two. This section is the most immobile, plus it provides protection in the form of ribs and a muscular corset. The resulting osteochondrosis is the result of the development of scoliosis.
  4. The sacral spine bears most of the spine, chest, and abdominal organs. It most commonly occurs in women and is characterized by problems with the lower extremities.
  5. Extensive osteochondrosis symptoms occur simultaneously in two parts of the spine.

Symptoms of the disease

Signs of osteochondrosis depend on the location of the pathological process. An interesting question is how osteochondrosis manifests itself.Symptoms of the diseaseThe pain can be mild to severe and distressing, even unbearable.Symptoms and treatment are closely related. First aid is to learn how and how to treat back osteochondrosis. The main signs of the disease according to its localization are:

  1. Cervical spine problems are characterized by dizziness, blurred vision, and severe eye fatigue. There are pains in the neck, shoulders, arms, head that are aggravated by twisting the neck. The patient notices numbness in the skin of the face, neck and hands. Color spots may appear in front of the eye. In addition, loss of consciousness often occurs due to circulatory disorders of the cervical spine and symptoms of vertebral artery syndrome.
  2. Signs of osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine are distinguished by a feeling of "cola" in the chest when aching or cutting pain radiates to the heart and lungs. Painful feelings with deep and sharp breathing.
  3. Symptoms of osteochondrosis of the lumbosacral spine - pain radiates to the groin, sacrum and legs, causing disturbances in tenderness, pain and numbness in the lower extremities. Varicose veins are possible. The localization of the disease in the lumbar region shows signs of sexual dysfunction, sometimes causing dysfunction of the pelvic organs. Healing the lower back gives back masculine strength. For women, problems in this area negatively affect the course of pregnancy and menstruation.
Intervertebral osteochondrosis is characterized by a number of common symptoms. Rapid fatigue can occur under both mental and physical stress. There are "lumbago" in other organs, muscles, symptoms of osteochondrosis of the back begin to increase. The pain that occurs during inflammation is increased by sneezing or coughing, bending, turning the body, head. The coldness of the upper and lower limbs can be felt. Prolonged osteochondrosis of the back is virtually painless, but the mobility of the appropriate parts of the spine is lost as a result of fusion of the affected vertebrae.

Diagnostics and Treatment

Once the symptoms of osteochondrosis have been identified, treatment is prescribed according to the diagnosis. Diagnosis and treatmentAfter the patient is examined and questioned, the treating neurologist will communicate the preliminary diagnosis. In addition, instrumental diagnostic methods are used: CT computed tomography, MRI - magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound Doppler, X - ray, myelography. A thorough examination will help identify the accompanying complications of vertebral osteochondrosis: hernia, sciatica, protrusion, kyphosis.

Can osteochondrosis be cured?Treating osteochondrosis of the spine is a long, step-by-step process. The duration of the course depends on the age of the patient, the severity of osteochondrosis of the spine, the treatment, and whether the patient meets all the recommendations of the physician.Before treating the disease, you should get acquainted with the main directions of therapy, learn the methods of treating osteochondrosis:

  • medication;
  • physiotherapy;
  • diet;
  • surgical treatment;
  • spa.

As mentioned, the doctor must decide whether to cure osteochondrosis of the spine. Depending on the severity of the disease, treatment is conservative or operative. In particularly severe, neglected cases of the disease, surgery is decided. Basically, a complex treatment of osteochondrosis is used. Medicines and medical technologies from different industries are used together.

In the initial stage, effective treatment of osteochondrosis is aimed at relieving pain. The patient wears special corsets to relieve spinal stress. They provide medical treatment and physiotherapy. The next step is to take measures to prevent exacerbation of vertebral osteochondrosis. The most effective methods are used - physiotherapy exercises, massage, reflexology.

Medication

Medications are designed to eliminate pain, inflammation, activate cartilage tissue regeneration, and improve blood circulation in the affected tissues.The main groups of medicines for treatment are:

  1. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. NVPs relieve pain, relieve inflammation, and lower the temperature of diseased tissues in the spine. If symptoms are severe, injections are prescribed twice daily from medications such as metamizole sodium, diclofenac, meloxicam. This is followed by a switch to tableted drugs: ibuprofen, paracetamol, nimesulide. The full course of treatment lasts from ten days to one month. They take up funds 1-4 times a day. Ibuprofen, nimesulide, diclofenac sodium creams are also applied and applied to the skin of the affected spine.
  2. Muscle relaxers. Reduces excessive muscle tone by relaxing striated muscle fibers. They are employed within a month. In severe cases, an injection form of the drug is prescribed - tolperisone hydrochloride. Tablets are then used: tolperisone hydrochloride, baclofen, tizanidine. Treatment begins with small doses, gradually increasing to therapeutic and then decreasing.
  3. Chondroprotectors. Their goal is to improve metabolism, regenerate cartilage tissue in osteochondrosis (chondroitin sulfate). There are injection forms for intramuscular and intraarticular injection. The process of therapy can last up to four months.

There are other medications that help the healing process:

  • Vitamins B1, B2, B6, and E are injected in ten-day courses, improve nerve impulse conduction, catalyze tissue recovery, and speed up metabolism;
  • angioprotectors in the form of diosmin tablets, dipyridamole, and injectable forms of the drug: pentoxifylline is used to improve blood flow in the veins and increase vascular tone. Treatment lasts one to three months;
  • Glucocorticosteroids reduce swelling and inflammation and increase the effect of essential medications. There are injections as injections into the muscles or joints, this is methylprednisolone. There are tablets like methylprednisolone. The course of treatment is prescribed by the physician for each patient individually;
  • biogenic stimulants are used to speed up metabolic processes and promote the healing of damaged tissues. Injectable form is most commonly used: Aloe.

Physiotherapy

Physiotherapy methods allow the activation of healing processes, prolong the remission phase and prevent the appearance of new exacerbations.The best physiotherapy methods are:

  • Exercise is one of the best ways to treat osteochondrosis to be used outside of the exacerbation period. A well-developed muscle ligament contributes to an even distribution of the load on the spine. Regular exercise improves blood circulation and repairs damage. Breathing exercises relieve muscle cramps and help overcome pain. Joint gymnastics, rehabilitation equipment, swimming relieves spinal stress;
  • massage improves nerve conduction, tones muscles;
  • reflexology. Activating the body's defenses, strengthening immunity, relieving cramps and pain can be achieved by using the finest needles to act on certain points in the body;
  • electrophoresis creates the effect of muscle relaxation and analgesia. Blood flow normalizes in diseased tissues.

Hand therapy, magnetic therapy, spinal cord, laser therapy, heat therapy, mud therapy, shock wave therapy, healing showers and baths are also used to treat osteochondrosis of the spine.manual therapyAll of these methods significantly reduce the rate of disease progression. The duration of a course may not exceed fifteen days. They do three or four repetitions of the course each year. An integrated approach to therapy will help get rid of the exacerbations of osteochondrosis forever.

I have to say that the question is often asked whether osteochondrosis is treated with folk remedies. No, but with the main treatment to help alleviate the condition, the methods should be agreed with your doctor. It is possible to treat back disturbances with infusions and rubs. To do this, mix a glass of honey and a glass and a half of radish juice. Add a hundred grams of vodka. After mixing, the product should be rubbed well into the diseased area of ​​the spine twice a day.

Another infusion is recommended. So 500 grams of vodka is poured into a glass of organ flowers. Stick in a tightly closed container for ten days. The filtered drug infusion is rubbed into the affected area.

Dieting

A proper diet should consist of enough protein, fat and vitamins.It is advisable to exclude fast-digesting carbohydrates from your diet. Foods should have a caloric content of between 1, 500 and 2, 500 kcal. As the disease worsens, the diet should become fragmented. You should eat this way even after your spine has improved.

When you first encounter osteochondrosis, the question shouldn’t arise. The first step is to see a doctor who knows everything you need to know about osteochondrosis. Treatment is a rather laborious and long process, accompanied by human pain and inactivity. Is osteochondrosis curable - this question remains open due to the effects of many factors. After relieving the acute symptoms, you should continue to take care of your spine. The fight against the disease must be constant. A person who overcomes his bad habits in return acquires a healthy and strong spine.

11.01.2021